Cameroon

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République du Cameroun
Republic of Cameroon
Anthem: O Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers
(French:Ô Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancêtres)
Capital Yaoundé
3°52′N 11°31′E
Largest city Douala
Official language(s) French, English
Government Republic
Area  
 - Total 475,440 km²
475,440,000,000 m²
4,754,400 ha
183,568.41 miles²
 (53rd)
  183,568 sq mi 
 - Water (%) 1.3
Population  
 - July 2005 est. 16,322,000 (countries by population|58th)
 - Density 34/km² (167th)
88/sq mi 
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
 - Total $32.35 billion (84th)
 - Per capita $2,176 (130th)
HDI (2003) 0.497 (148th) – low
Currency CFA franc (XAF)
Time zone zone (UTC1)
Internet TLD .cm
Calling code +237
This article, or parts of this article, has been imported from the page Wikipedia:Cameroon.

Cameroon, officially the Republic of Cameroon, is a unitary republic of central Africa. It borders Nigeria, Chad, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea and the Gulf of Guinea. Cameroon, a German colony at the time of World War I, was split among the French and British as war spoils after the defeat of Germany. In 1960, French Cameroun became an independent republic, merging with the southern part of British Cameroons in 1961 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. It was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972, and the Republic of Cameroon or République du Cameroun in 1984 (its official languages are English and French).

Compared to other African countries, Cameroon enjoys relative political and social stability, which has in turn permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as an extensive petroleum industry. Despite movement toward political reform, however, power remains firmly in the hands of an ethnic oligarchy.