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Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (French: République du Mali, Amazigh: Image:Mali_tifinagh.JPG), is a landlocked nation in Western Africa. It is the second largest country among West African nations. It borders Algeria on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso and the Côte d'Ivoire on the south, Guinea on the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania on the west. Its straight borders on the north stretch into the centre of the Sahara desert, while the country's south, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Senegal rivers. Formerly French Sudan, the country is named after the Empire of Mali. The name of the country come from the Bambara word for hippopotamus and the animal appears on the Mali 5 franc coin.